BANJO HISTORY

 

 

 

 

 

1620, Explorer Richard Jobson mentions "gourd with neck and strings" in West Africa (Kora, which evolved into the Ngoni)

 

        

                                                                              Kora                                              Ngoni


1678, "Banza" noted in Martinique as played by blacks

 

Banza and Banjar

 

1769, White banjo players performed in blackface
1843, First documented minstrel show by Dan Emmett & Virginia Minstrels
1840s-1850s, Minstrel Craze; Banjo becomes urban instrument (
the minstrel show popularized the banjo; it was a long time before the banjo could be regarded separately from the racist content of the minstrel show)
1830s-1850s, Boucher of Baltimore first "shop-made" banjos
1850's, Metal strings invented
1851, Stephen Foster writes "Old Folks at Home"
1855, Thomas Briggs Banjo Primer published
1858, Philip Rice's banjo method published
1859, Dan Emmett writes "Dixie"
1859, Stephen Van Hagen patents 7-String (1 short) guitar banjo with frets

 

1880 7-String Fretless

 

1860s-1870s, First closed back banjos and first top tension banjos marketed by Dobson (i.e. Buckbee) in US & England
1865, Frank Converse Banjo primer published
1863-1897, James H. Buckbee Co., of New York largest maker
1870, Uncle Dave Macon born in Tennessee
1878, Henry Dobson produces 5-String with frets (made by Buckbee)
1880-1890, Fairbanks and Cole of Boston
1881, Dobson patents a tone ring
1890s, Steel strings widely available--cheaper than gut
1890-1904, Fairbanks Co.
1878-1904, S. S. Stewart Co. of Philadelphia made 25,000 banjos
1880s, First banjos documented in "the hills"
1892, Charlie Poole born in North Carolina
1894, First patent for a banjo mute
1894, First Grover bridge patent
1898, Dock Boggs born
1901, Whyte Laydie introduced by Fairbanks
1904-1970, Vega of Boston
1907, J. B. Schall of Chicago invents Tenor Banjo or 4-String banjo tuned like a mandolin
1909, Vega Tubaphone introduced
1910, Tango craze reached America; Tenor, corruption of Tango Banjos; Cole said to have perfected Mandolin-Banjo
1914, Dave "Stringbean" Akeman born
1918, First Gibson Banjos
1921, First modern flange and resonator by William Lange & Paramount Banjos

1921, McHugh of Gibson company patents adjustable truss rod for guitar and Mando, adjustable tension rods for banjo and adjustable bridge
1923, First geared tuners patented by C. Kremp
1924, Earl Scruggs born
1925-31, Charlie Poole popular rural recording artist
1925, Gibson "Mastertone" introduced
1927, Ralph Stanley born
1929, Modern banjo arm rest invented by L.A. Elkington
1930-1945, 5-String Banjo almost disappears--no strings available

 

1933 Granada

 

1939, Bill Monroe & Bluegrass Boys on Grand Ole Opry without banjo
1940s, Earl Scruggs develops his 3-Finger style based on classical style
1941, Bill Monroe adds banjo to band--"Stringbean" Ackeman 2-Finger style
1940s, Renewed urban interest in banjo; beginning of "folk-revival"
1943, Seeger creates long-neck
1945, Scruggs joins Monroe band with 3-Finger style
1948, Seeger publishes "How to Play 5-String Banjo"
1950s, Plastic heads become available
1960s, When folk boom hit, Gibson and Vega were the only companies to still have banjos in their catalogues as compared to 200 makers in 1900, and only Vega still had banjos in production

 

compiled by Bill Reese

www.bluegrassbanjo.org/banhist.html

 

 

Names for the Banjo:

Akontin--predecessor of banjo

Banza--1621

Banjer--1754

Banjo--1774

Banjar--1781

 

 

Bluegrass Music History

 

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