Renaissance-Reformation World History
One of the most important inventions that brought the world out of it's long sleep was the printing press. Johann Gutenberg (1397-1468) has been long credited with the invention of a method of printing from movable type, including the use of metal molds and alloys, a special press, and oil-based inks. His method (while refined and further mechanized) remained the principal means of printing until the late 20th century. He printed the first book, which happened to be the Bible.
The arts and humanities flourished during this time. It was as if the world had awakened (thus, the Renaissance). Many artists came of age. Leonardo da Vinci began his fresco of the Last Supper ca. 1495 and completed it in 1498. This work is now badly damaged, in part due to Leonardo's own experiments with the fresco medium.
The Last Supper,
Several scholars believe
that Leonardo da Vinci worked on the Mona Lisa over a period of time
starting in 1505 or 1506 and finishing sometime when he was in
Martin Luther read Romans 1:17, he knew there would be no other way to
God but by faith alone in Jesus Christ. On
Luther later translated the Greek New Testament into his native language, German. This marked the first time a translation was made from the originals into the tongue of the common people since Jerome's translation to Latin (400 CE). Luther, having learned New Testament Greek from his friend Melanchthon, accomplished this while hiding out at Wartburg, where he remained until 1522. He used Erasmus' GNT.
Wesley brothers contributed to the Great Awakening in
Late in the 16th century, William Shakespeare begins to write plays. The following is an excerpt from Romeo and Juliet, Act 2 Scene 2:
ROMEO: He jests at scars that never felt a wound. Juliet appears above at a window. But, soft! what light through yonder window breaks? It is the east, and Juliet is the sun.
House of Juliet,
Jamestown, VA Cape Henry Memorial, Cape Henry, VA Beach
In 1607, vessels carrying
104 colonists (men and boys) anchored in the
Cape Henry Memorial
commemorates the first landfall at Cape Henry, in Virginia Beach, Virginia, of
colonists bound for the Jamestown settlement. After landing on
A frame church erected in Jamestown in 1617 served as a place of worship for the colonists until about 1639. That was the year it was razed in order to build a brick church. The tower (pictured here) was added after 1647 as an addition to the brick church.
Note: While I make every effort to produce an error-free document, errors occasionally creep in. I would appreciate you bringing any to my attention so that I may make the necessary corrections.
Ancient World History
Renaissance/Reformation World History (YOU ARE HERE)